Dentigerous cysts can be serious and, if not controlled, can lead to more severe complications with intense pain. If a cyst condition develops in the teeth, the results can permanently damage your healthy teeth and affect your smile. Cysts are not necessarily infected for a long time because they can develop slowly without symptoms for months or even years.
What are dentigerous cysts?
A dental cyst is basically a closed tissue sac. Cysts usually develop around or near a tooth in soft oral tissues such as gums, lips, and the jawbone. If a cyst turns into a serious complication, you may need to undergo major surgery. A cyst can start to form in various tissues in the mouth, face or jaw, in most cases the initial phase is not accompanied with infection.
Symptoms of Oral Cysts:
In general, if you have an infected dental cyst, it will be inflamed, swollen, and painful. If your cyst is in the mucosal lining of your mouth, it may attract your attention as a lesion or blister. If you have an uninfected cyst, there is usually no obvious symptom. Therefore, unless your cyst expands to the point where it becomes visible or can be felt, it can usually be detected only with a diagnostic scan or x-ray.
Some of the most common oral cysts
Dentigerous Cysts – Usually develops near or above the wisdom teeth.
Periapical Cysts (commonly known as Radicular Cyst) – A dental cyst that normally occurs as a result of pulp infection or death of a nerve at the base of a tooth. A periapical cyst may or may not become an abscess.
Mucocele Cysts (often called Mucosa Cysts) – This type of cyst usually develops in the soft inner parts of the mouth, inner cheeks, lips, tongue. They are usually caused by trauma or irritation to the tissues in the affected areas.
Odontogenic Cysts – A group of dental cysts usually found in the jaw bone. An odontogenic cyst grows considerably before specific symptoms appear.
Main reasons for the development of dentigerous cysts:
Generally, cysts begin to form at the ends of the roots of a dead or dying tooth. Some forms are caused by improper growth of teeth and their position in the mouth, while others are caused by the abnormal path in which a tooth develops.
What are the treatment options?
If you have a cyst, you will need a professional examination, so your treatment is determined by the type of cyst you have and its exact location. Endodontic or canal therapy may be the answer to treat your cysts effectively and improve your oral health.
If your cyst has been present for some time and your immune system is compromised in any way, it may become inflamed, throbbing, and painful. In this case, extraction surgery or root canal treatment will be your only option.