Dental trauma is an injury of the mouth, including teeth, lips, gums, tongue and jaw. Soft tissue injuries in oral and dental traumas are typically very painful and should be treated promptly. The most common tooth trauma is a broken or lost tooth.
Tooth enamel is a hard layer and the dentin remains between the tooth enamel and the tooth exterior. Dentin is the vital center of the tooth and consists of sensitive blood vessels, nerve tissue and cells. If you experience any dental trauma, seek immediate advice from a dentist. If you have the broken tooth piece with you, take it to the dentist. It is sometimes possible to reset it.
Types of Dental Trauma
Superficial fracture means that the fracture is limited only by the hard outer coating of the top of the tooth. This is usually not serious unless it is chipped from the broken tooth. Even then the sharp edge can be easily treated.
Severe fracture: If your tooth becomes sensitive to touch, heat or cold, the breakage can be more significant. The internal, more sensitive parts of the tooth, such as the dentin, could be damaged. This can increase the risk of bacterial infection
A more severe trauma can relocate the tooth so that it can be embedded deeper or loosened in the gum. If the trauma is very severe, it may completely break the tooth or break the supporting bone. In most cases of displacement, sensitive blood vessels are damaged and root canal treatment may be required.
Dental trauma can take several forms:
Close contact sports
Motor vehicle accidents
Fights or wrestling matches
Eating hard foods and drinking hot liquids
How are Dental Traumas Treated?
If your tooth is out of position, loose or broken, you should go to a dentist as soon as possible. Reaching a dentist within 30 minutes can make the difference between saving or losing the tooth.
Small fractures can easily be repaired with filling, but if the tooth enamel, dentin, or external tooth is damaged, the tooth can be fully restored with a permanent crown. If the trauma is very severe, the tooth may be beyond saving. If the tooth is severely damaged, root canal treatment can be used to correct the damage. Treatment will depend on the condition of the tooth.